Those 40 errors, which Benedict XVI says are a “decorous” use of Latin

FIRST TODAY’S ARTICLE from Il Libero Quotidiano, by Cionci, then Br. Bugnolo’s Translation & Analsysis of the Original, now missing article by Canfora, which was published on Feb. 12, 2013 by the Corriere della Sera.

Those Strange Errors in Benedict’s Latin

by Andrea Cionci

Authorized English translation by FromRome.Info.

(There is a longer version in Italian at Cionci’s official blog)

“I am an excellent Latinist”, said Benedict to the Corriere della Sera, after writing his Declaratio

But  same Newspaper has erased from the Web the article by Dr. Luciano Canfora, leading Scholar of Latinity in Italy, which faulted it for its numerous errors

There has come to light another indication in favor of the hypothesis that Benedict XVI never resigned and has remained that “one Pope” of which he is continually speaking (without saying who that is), and who, for 8 years, has been constantly giving subtle messages to “he who has ears to hear”: such as the errors studiously inserted in the Latin text of his Declaration of resignation, to draw attention to its juridical invalidity (viz. the munus-ministerium distinction, and the declaration which regards a future date).  As jurists, Latin scholars and theologians have said: an act camouflaged to undo the Masonic-Globalist Bergoglian “church” with a sort of “Catholic Reset”.

Here are the facts of the case:  On the 12th of February in 2013, just one day after the publication of the Declaratio, the celebrated philologist Dr. Luciano Canfora was shocked to find two horrible errors in its Latin text, and wrote about this in the Corriere della Sera:  “It is a shame, that on account of the oversight of his collaborators, in the very crucial phrase the syntax of the Latin was given a mortal blow, seeing that the dative form “ministerio” was placed in the same phrase with an accusative “commissum” which supposed to modify it.  On Feb. 22nd, of the same year, even the latinist, Attorney Wilifried Stroh, wrote of it in the pages of the Abendzeitung of Munich, Bavaria, and, in November of that year, Cardinal Ravasi, the minister of culture at the Vatican, spoke of it likewise to the newspaper of Verona, the L’Arena.

On the 7th of September 2016, several weeks after the Secretary of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, Mons. Sciacca, has explained to the Vaticanista, Andrea Tornielli, in the pages of La Stampa, how the resignation of Ratzinger was perfectly regular, Benedict XVI published, in the Corriere, a letter in which he described his action in these words: “The text of the renunciation: I wrote it.  I cannot say, with precision, when, but at most two weeks beforehand.  I wrote it in Latin because something so important is done in Latin.  Moreover, Latin is a language which I know SO WELL that I can write it elegantly.  I should have also written it in Italian, naturally, but there was the danger that I might make some errors!”

Does all this seem plausible? After the “embarrassment” of 2013, when Canfora, Ravasi and Stroh had criticized him in front of the entire world for his errors of syntax, how can Pope Benedict affirm that , “Latin is a language which I know so well that I can write it elegantly”?  Even while admitting he wrote it all by himself.

Moreover, as we have shown in our analyses, the entire Letter of 2016 can be read in entirely the opposite sense (in the light of the Third Secret of Fatima, of which Ratzinger was the publisher):  for he never cited Francis as the true pope, but rather as a cardinal successor in a merely practical ministry, so much so that he wrote: “He did not want to wear the read mozzetta, but that did not bother me”!  A phrase which could easily be understood to mean, “He did not want to wear the red mozzetta of a Cardinal, which was his duty, and preferred instead to dress in white”.

But the surprises do not end there.  As I went to look online at, for the text of the article of Dr. Luciano Confora, which I read there in 2018, when the Libero published my first article on the Resignation intentionally done badly, to my surprise, I found that the article was no longer available. It could only be found in the PDF version of the paper edition of that day, in the email boxes of those who subscribed to the newspaper.

Today, on Google, one finds only traces of the article, in html, in an indecorous manner, in the Cronaca di Bari the regional edition of the Corriere, published at the city of that name in Puglia, where Dr. Canfora lives

Is it probable that whoever chose to erase that one article from the web, which appeared on p. 17 of the Feb. 12th printed edition of the Corriere,  failed to remember that it was published simultaneously on line in the Cronica of Bari?  And for what reason, at the special request of by telephone from someone outside of Italy? Who knows.

What is certain is that in these days, following the publication of the book by Attorney Estefania Acosta, “Benedict XVI: pope emeritus?”, a lot of knots are unravelling.

Just two days ago, Bergoglio reminded us all:  “We need to sow seeds of love: clerical legalisms are barren ground”.  And yet, what harm is there in verifying if the “clerical legalisms” are correct? Has the Church not taught for 200o years, that “the highest Truth is charity?” (Veritas summa charitas est).

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And now for the Article which was Erased from the Web.

These are the images from the original paper edition of the Corriere, of Feb. 12, 2013.

Here, follows, the the Unofficial English translation of the same by

An Example of Modern Latin

by Dr. Luciano Canfora

The original text of the communique with which Benedict XVI has announced his resignation has been written, as is obvious, in a Latin constructed with phrases dug up by the author from diverse epochs.  It is a kind of mosaic which embraces nearly two millennia of Latinity: from the Ciceronian “ingravescente aetate” to the informal “ultimis mensibus” which is found in 18th century writings (namely of the Calvinist, Bachofen), even to the “portare pondus” which is found in Favio Vegezio’s, Epitoma rei militaris, but more frequently in authors like Raymond Lull (Ars amativa boni), Thomas à Kempis or even in the sermons of Bernard of Clairvaux.

Noteworthy as an allusion to the learned and bold Rufinus, translator of Origin, is the expression, “incapacitatem meam”. Moreover, in regard to a solid witness to the Classical era, from Quintilian to Pliny, there stand the most important phrases of the text such as, “declaro me ministerio renuntiare” (“I declare to have renounced my role as Pope — Ed. note, this is Canforas invented interpretation!).  Too bad, however, that by an unthinkable oversight, imputable to some collaborator, upset at the gravity of the announcement, a wound has been inflicted upon the Latin syntax of the crucial phrase, seeing that the dative ministerio is placed intollerably in apposition with the accusative commissum (the “task entrusted to me” — Ed. Note: Once again Canfora plays with the signification). There should have, necessarily, been  an agreement there, with the dative commisso.

How can one console oneself with this lapsus? By considering, for example, of the rare but disturbing errors in Latin which stained the Quaestiones calilmacheae of a great philologist such as Giorgio Pasquali, but corrected in the reprint done by the excellent Florentine grammarian, Giovanni Pascucci. But is it not impertinent to compare a philologist with a reigning Pontiff?  Error — as one knows — is always insinuating itself.  As in the Germand period, so also in the Latin there is “ein Bild” (a picture), in which every tassel has its place and the wound inferred upon the harmony becomes all the more painful.

An analogous incident occurred, amazingly, in the opening phrase, where the Pontiff says to his “dearest brothers” that he has convoked them “to communicate a decision of great moment for the life of the Church”: but one reads pro ecclesiae vitae where one would have wanted pro ecclesiae vita.  Whether it was upsetting or it was done in haste, it remains uncomfortable on account of the imperfections of a text destined to pass into history.  And though, it be true that the Latin of moderns reflects the richness and novelty of the language of moderns, nevertheless, some of the pillars of syntax cannot be transgressed, not even out of respect to the “new which advances”,

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And now for the


I will pass over the frivolity with which Canfora renders the Latin. Though he be one of the great Latinists in Italy, he clearly is more limited by the ruin wrought upon Italian by centuries of foreign domination.

But I will remark, that he points out clearly that the text as it was read aloud on Feb. 11, 2013, was rife with errors.

And that is not inconsequential.

Because though it is true that “error insinuates itself everywhere”, yet a philologist has not the sensibility of a theologian, who knows well that the apparent errors in the Biblical text are in fact sources of mystery and future revelations.

Canonical error in an administrative act is important to NOT ignore. Because, in accord with Canon 40 and 41, it can render an act null and void, and make invalid any action taken by subordinates.

By mispronouncing at least 2 Latin words, when He read it, Benedict XVI invalidated any response made by any of his listeners in accord with Canon 40, which requires them to have whole text in its final form, in hand, before acting.

And by including errors of syntax, He placed them under the canonical obligation of Canon 41 to seek from Him their correction.

This we know they did, to some extent, since the published version of the Declaration underwent several updates on the Vatican website from Feb. 12 to Feb. 17, or there abouts.

That means that they did act upon canon 41, but the failed to withdraw their public announcements.

Indeed, if they had time to ask and obtain correction of at least 3 errors, which were reported in editions published by the Vatican Press Office, they clearly CANNOT be excused if they failed to seek the corrections of the other 37 grammatical, syntactical or juridical errors.  Now either they did seek their correction or they did not. And if they did not, they failed in their duty, and should not be listened to or followed in their negligence by the rest of the Catholic world. But if they did, AND Benedict XVI refused to correct them, then they were NOT simply errors, but RATHER intentional signs or purposeful statements.  And thus anyone who says that Benedict XVI’s intention was clearly to resign (e.g. Cardinal Burke) is clearly and intentionally misrepresenting the historical record.

Indeed, in this regard Pope Benedict XVI would rebuke the press, in off the cuff remarks, at the close of His meeting with the Clergy of Rome, on Feb. 14, as I reported before, when He told the clergy to look at the Latin of Church documents, not at what the journalists say.

Thus it was, in His letter to the Corriere della Sera of Sept. 7, 2016, when He “boasted” of how good His Latin style was, it cannot be ignored that he was replying to the outrageous statements made by Mons. Sciaccia a month earlier, that there is no distinction in Canon Law between ministerium and munus, and that if your renounce the one, you have renounced both.

Benedict XVI sardonically replied in his letter of September, to that, saying, bascially, that he was inspired by God to renounce in the way he did (invalidly), and the more he sees of Bergoglio’s pastoral approach, the more he is convinced that it was God who inspired him.


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7 thoughts on “Those 40 errors, which Benedict XVI says are a “decorous” use of Latin”

  1. I too in private correspondence with His Holiness Benedict XVI asked him to speak on this for the good of Holy Mother Church; it was right after the Pachamama demon worship and that Christmas I sent him a properly addressed letter to get to him alone, but Archbishop Gainswein didn’t do that, he; Gainswein personally responded on his personal stationary and within in a week, his reply was delivered to me.

    But as to the errors in the letter and Benedict being an expert in Latin, I believe he knew the enemies of Christ within the Vatican & knew their evil, but did not want to surrender the Church to them, so he purposefully wrote his “resignation” with those errors and read the letter with those errors to send us a message that he hoped people would have caught to tell the world.

  2. Canonists and Canon Law professors/experts all agreed that for a Papal Resignation to be valid the POPE SHOULD RENOUNCE THE PETRINE OFFICE.

    “IF THE ROMAN PONTIFF SHOULD RESIGN HIS OFFICE, it is not necessary for validity that the Cardinals or any others
    accept the renunciation. (Canon 221.)”

    cf. A Commentary and Summary of the
    New Code of Canon Law [1917]
    Rev. Stanislaus Woywod, O.F.M.
    With a Preface by
    Right Rev. Mgr. Philip Bernardini, J.U.D.
    Professor of Canon Law at the Catholic University,
    Washington, with Imprimatur
    +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York, JULY 3, 1918; On Canon 221, p. 37

    “By divine law the Pope, once elected, holds OFFICE for life. But in addition to the death of the incumbent, the PAPAL OFFICE MAY BECOME VACANT, IF THE POPE SHOULD RESIGN, or fall into heresy, or lose the use of reason. SHOULD THE POPE RESIGNS HIS OFFICE, the resignation to be effective need not be confirmed by the Cardinals, or by any other authority in the Church.”

    cf. A Manual of Canon Law [1917], Rev. Matthew Ramstein, S.T. Mag., J.U.D., Professor of Canon Law. Art. 5: Papal Office, How Vacated, Imprimatur +John F. Noll, DD, 1947. On Canon 221, p. 193

    “If it happens that the Roman Pontiff RESIGNS HIS OFFICE, it is not required for validity that the resignation is accepted by the Cardinals or by anyone else.”

    cf. A Commentary on the New [1917] Code of Canon Law, Dom Charles Augustine Bachofen, Rev. P., O.S.B., D.D., (1872-1943) Professor of Canon Law. Vol. II: Clergy and Hierarchy (1918). Nihil Obstat and Imprimatur, 1918. On Canon 221, p. 208)

  3. Upon reading Pope Benedict’s words, that you kindly published above, I have seen yet another clue that he gave. “I wrote it in Latin because something so important is done in Latin. Moreover, Latin is a language which I know SO WELL that I can write it elegantly. I should have also written it in Italian, naturally, but there was the danger that I might make some errors!”
    He was giving us a clue in those last 4 words. He did not make it in Italian because he could not then encode it. Think about the juxtaposition of those phrases and their connotations. Latin he knows so well- insinuating that in any other language, he might make some errors. But not in Latin. And that’s exactly what he did- make seemed errors. And he calls making errors a danger- something which would invalidate, at the every least. He knew what he was doing/had done and was basically telling us! And he was even reminding us that this was something ‘so important’; pointing to it, in fact! The key words of those phrases once emphasized, say it all.

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