The Canonical Tradition requires the renunciation of Munus not Ministerium

by Br. Alexis Bugnolo

In preparation for the juridically valid election of the Roman Pontiff by apostolic right, I have been reading some scholarly works on the renunciation of offices. And I have found confirmation for everything we Catholics, who recognize that Benedict XVI never abdicated, hold.

This is important, because there is advanced by many facetious authors, who have no training whatsoever in Canon Law, arguments about what munus and ministerium mean, which are wholly irrelevant and rarely valid.

Moreover, it is also important, because what true scholars say unmasks the advocates and defenders of the usurpation of the Apostolic Throne during the last 10 years.

Here I will share some significant citations taken from Valerio Gigliotti’s, La Tiara Deposta, (Leo S. Olsckhi Editore, Firenze, 2013).  Gigliotti is a professor of the History of European Law, at the University of Turin, Italy. And his book is an encyclopedic jurisprudential review of the concept of papal abdication through the 20 centuries of Church History. A truly monumental work and treatment.

In Gigliotti’s final chapter 8, entitled, “The Mystical Renunciation of Pope Benedict XVI” he sound loudly out for the fact that the renunciation had no juridical value, but was a spiritual decision to withdraw into a life of prayer for the good of the people of God.

And here it is that on p. 401, he cites weighty experts in Canon Law.

There is no abdication without renunciation of dignity

The first is Wernz-Vidal, Ius Canonicum, II, De personis,  Rome 1928, §452, p. 436, who writes:

Quare sicut Romanus Pontifex per acceptationem liberam electionis primatum iurisdictionis actu consecutus est, ita per liberam et publice declaratam dimissionem dignitatis suae iurisdictionem papalem amittit.

Which in English would be:

Wherefore, just as the Roman Pontiff through a free acceptance of election acquires the primacy of jurisdiction in an act, so through a free and publicly declared laying-down of his own dignity does he lose the papal jurisdiction.

This is the first cruise missile against those who claim the renunciation of Pope Benedict XVI effected an abdication. Because it is clear to everyone, that neither in the text of his Declaratio of 2013, nor in his comportment after that through 10 years, nor even at his funeral, did he lack, forsake or was recognized by the Catholic world to have lost the Papal Dignity.  Hence, he never lost the papal jurisdiction. This is a conclusion of law, which is derived from the truth which has nothing to do with intentions or opinions, but facts of history.

But as ecclesiastical dignity is a consequence of holding a title, office, or munus, let us proceed to the next authority

The renunciation of munus is the very essence of an act of renunciation of office

The next authority cited, is G. Chelodi, Ius de personis iuxta Codicem Iuris Canonici, praemisso tractatu De principiis et fontibus, Tridenti, 1922, §155, p. 256.

For the liceity of a renunciation of the papacy, there is required:

Romanum Pontificem se munere abdicari posse, valide etiam sine causa, certum est, licite tamen nonnise ex causa gravissima.

Which in English would be:

That the Roman Pontiff can by himself abdicate (his) munus, validly, even without a cause, is certain, however, licitly not but on account of the most gravest cause.

This is the second cruise missile totally destroying the claim of Bergoglian advocates, that the renunciation of Benedict XVI was effective of or equivalent to an abdication. Not because there is doubt about the gravest of causes, but because by definition an abdication requires the renunciation of his munus.

Both these sources were written in the Pontificate of Pope Pius IX, nearly 90 years before the retirement of Pope Benedict XVI. So it is impossible to impugn their objectivity and authority as regards the canonical tradition.

I have previously definitively demonstrated that the Code of Canon Law of 1983, read according to canon 17 therein, does not permit anyone to read munus as ministerium, here. My academic paper given in a public conference here at Rome in October of 2019 has been published on the internet for 3 years and has never been refuted in any of its assertions or claims. Canon 17 requires that canon 332 be read first in the light of the Code itself, then in that of canonical tradition. By this present article, which you have just read, I believe there is sufficiently demonstrated that both sources of authority are in total agreement.

Finally, for those who wish to dispute about words, here is my note on Munus and Ministerium in the Latin Language. My analysis of the Latin text of the Declaratio, can be found here. My Canonical Critique of it here. And My Scholastic Disputed question dealing with its interpretation here. And the weighty reasons, drawn from the treatise of St. Alphonsus dei Liguori, on the interpretation of law, why no one can interpret the Declaratio in any other way, here.

CREDITS: The featured image is from Gigliotti’s book, which can be ordered online here.


Those who say Munus = Ministerium are the Enemies of the Living God

by Br. Alexis Bugnolo

President of the Scholasticum,
Translator of Saint Bonaventure’s Commentaria in Quator Libros Sententiarum Magistri Petri Lombardi,
Translator of Critical Edition of St. Francis’s Collected Works

Munus and Ministerium, in all major western languages are NEVER translated correctly with the same terms. Those who might think so are neither linguists, nor do they understand etymologies. — Heed them at the peril of saying something stupid as they do.

Munus, for example, is not translated as function, because function is a verbal noun, but munus is a substance. A substance is a thing, but a verbal noun names properly an action.

This can also be seen through connotation and denotation. Denotation is the inherent or primary signification of a thing. But connotation its what it signifies secondarily or consequently.

Thus, Munus (gift or charge) is a term which connotes a relation between the one receiving it and the one giving it, but Ministerium (service) is a term which denotes the relation of the one serving to the ones served. This is because Ministerium is exercised in favor of inferiors and needy, but a Munus is received from superiors of abundance.

Likewise, when one recognizes the relation of terms in the logic of the Latin language, by which the duty of a superior is termed a magisterium, and the duty of an inferior a ministerium: for he who has a munus to teach holds a magisterium, and when he renounces his ministerium, he does not lose his magisterium, nor his munus.

Therefore to say that munus and ministerium mean the same thing is absurd. To say they signify the same thing is a psychotic denial of reality. Thus Benedict XVI never abdicated, and those who say he did are the enemies of the Living God, who is Eternal Truth.

More Cardinal Pell Revelations

Br. Bugnolo: I ask the Catholic World to prepare for the Coming Battle at Rome

by Br. Alexis Bugnolo

The Papal Law on Conclaves has now been transgressed. The Cardinal Dean, Giovanni Battista Re, was obliged to convoke a Conclave, after the death of Benedict XVI: a conclave which would begin before the 21st day.

But he has not yet done this. And it seems wholly unlikely, as of the dusk which has settled here in Rome, that this will be done in the next 5 days.

This triggers a highly unusually ancient juridical mechanism, whereby the Faithful of Rome (Clergy, Religious and Lay) can enter into an Assembly and elect the Roman Pontiff.

Perhaps the last time in history this occurred, was in 964 A. D.. For in that year Pope John XII died on May 14. Not wanting to recognize the claim of the Holy Roman Emperor to appoint the pope, the Faithful of Rome met on May 18 elected Pope Benedict V to oppose the imperially backed antipope, Leo XII.

It was a matter of days, and the faithful of Rome acted. No one has ever contested the validity of that election. It was also done with a globalist puppet antipope reigning, and imperial threats against the election of Benedict V!

Such was the faith of our fathers. Such was their zeal!

Now we are called to help those who must be like them.

For the Church is in exactly the same circumstances now. Because, since the current papal law of Pope John Paul II only gives the Cardinal Electors the exclusive right to elect the pope AFTER the death of a real pope, not a fake pope, and since Benedict XVI was a true pope, their failure to act now, means that the right of election is about to return to the Faithful of the Roman Church, for the election of Pope Benedict’s successor.

Catholics of Rome and of the suburbican Dioceses are now gathering together in a group to organize this election. This will take some planning, but the most difficult part will be the financial. As a member of the Roman Church in virtue of my ecclesiastical residence, am going to dedicate myself to that, since huge sums need to be raised to rent the space for such an Assembly and to pay for the publicity to get the message out to nearly 6000 clergy, numerous religious and 4 Million Catholics.

While not all of those would want to come — since an unknown quantity recognize Bergoglio, the antipope, or I should say, are forced to recognize him, because there are no masses offered in any of these 7 Dioceses in communion with Pope Benedict XVI or in suffrage for his soul, without naming the antipope – a condition which prevailed even under Anacletus II — a good faith effort must be made to get the message to all and to accommodate those who do decide to participate in the election of the Pope by this apostolic right.

For that reason, I ask everyone to whom this message comes to begin to pray with all seriousness and consider what will happen to the Church if this globalist antipope should be left without the rival of a true Pope. And how much it is necessary to have a man of God, backed by the infallible and victorious prayers of Christ, as the new Roman Pontiff, successor to Pope Benedict XVI.

I am currently getting cost estimates: I can only guess as of tonight that a half million euro may be necessary.

Pledges can be made in comments below, which will not be published. But when the time comes to raise funds, IN JUST A FEW DAYS, I will indicate the US Non profit which can receive them, as a work of charity to help the Catholics of Rome exercise their legal rights in the Catholic Church. For those who want other methods of donation, I will indicate these at that time.

I myself will ask the estate of a relative to donate $40,000, to give everyone a good example of the kind of zeal we need to have. These funds were set aside so that if I ever grow sick or old and need care, they would be available. But as I prefer to die in poverty and without care, rather than let Holy Mother Church die bound in the filthy hands of globalists and sexual predators, I consider it nothing to take this risk.

And so, I ask your prayers that I may succeed, and I ask also the prayers of all, that OTHERS too might have the zeal to make truly heroic efforts to meet the needs of this holy work for God.

For we can have no doubt, that such a great service in such a great and just need, in such a dark hour, will not go without reward by Jesus Christ in a most marvelous way.

The Publication of French Edition of Andrea Cionci’s “The Ratzinger Code” is imminent!

R.I.P. Father John Melnik (a.k.a. John Stone)

Fr. John Melnick, who on social media was known as Fr. John Stone, has passed. He was a priest on communion with Pope Benedict XVI. He died in Florida, USA, where he fled from persecution by the Bishop of Kansas City. He was an Augustinian Friar who had attempted to found a monastic community of the traditional observance.

The Great Reset of Pope Benedict XVI is about to be launched …

by Br. Alexis Bugnolo


For nearly 300 years the Freemasons have plotted to destroy the Catholic Church. Their tactics have been infiltration, dissimulation, manipulation, and planned, coordinated disintegration from within. And their grand strategy, has been to take over the College of Cardinals so that they might elect one of their own, to be the Roman Pontiff, and thus seize total control over the Church so as to let these tactics run riot.

Warned by numerous Saints and informants, Pope John Paul II and Cardinal Ratzinger, however, planned a coup de grace against these forces of darkness by inserting into Church law the keys to set into motion a plan to destroy the 300 year old Masonic project with a maneuver they could never foresee nor take measures against.

Against the plot to take over the Papacy, this plan consisted in an anti-usurpation maneuver. Drawing from the principles of Germanic Dynastic Right, in 1983 there was introduced by Pope John Paul II, with Cardinal Ratzinger’s advice, a novelty, in Canon 332 §2, whereby to renounce the papacy, the man who was Roman Pontiff would have to renounce the spiritual source and root of his power, the petrine munus, which is the charge he receives from Jesus Christ, in the Apostolic Succession of St. Peter, when he accepts his legitimate election as Roman Pontiff.

While seemingly an unimportant precision, that change altered the obligation from the realm of merely renouncing, to requiring him to renounce with precision that source and root of power. Since that modification, the man who is pope, if he be put under pressure to renounce, could perform a fait accompli, and renounce something which appeared to be the same thing but was in fact not the same thing, and thus deceive Ecclesiastical Freemasonry into thinking he had renounced, when he had not.

These two Popes bolstered and protected this anti-usurpation measure with Canon 17, which forbade any interpretation of Canon 332 §2 outside the terms of the Code of Canon Law and canonical tradition. They insured this interpretation via Canon 1331, §2, n. 4, by confirming that those who separate themselves from the power of the Roman Pontiff separate themselves from all dignity, office and munus in the Church, thus admonishing anyone from considering a renunciation of ministry from being capable of this.

And thus on February 11, 2013, his Holiness Pope Benedict XVI, successor of Saint Peter, Vicar of Christ — pressured by the dictatorships of High Finance, which through Deutsche Bank and the Swift System had completely shut off the Vatican City State form all financial transactions, and by the dictatorship of Mass Media which had from the first day of his election viciously and unrelentingly attacked his person, and by world leaders, such as Hilary Clinton and Joe Biden, who plotted and planned his abdication, even to the point of sicking the NSA on him to push for it — launched the most brilliant, intelligent and unforeseen masterstroke.

He read a Latin Text, which contained all the elements to destroy the enemies of Christ, with the most cleaver substitutions, variations and elements.

For they had demanded his abdication in a juridical act of renunciation in accord with Canon 332 §2.  But in response, he reads aloud a Declaratio formulated in accord with Canon 333 §2, to announce to the world, that what he is doing, is not a juridical act of renunciation, but an administrative act of withdrawing from active ministry, so as to concentrate on exercising his vocation as the one sole Pope in a life of prayer and contemplation.

By this act, of a man of peace, which was aimed at no one, he put the entire Church to the test, trusting in the Holy Spirit who inspired him to enlighten those of good will with the understanding of what he had done in due time.

Thus, when on February 14, 2013 came, he met with the Clergy of the Diocese of Rome to hint to them what he had done, and to give them the key to understand it. For while it seemed absurd to the world, that he should spend that entire meeting talking about how Vatican II was misunderstood because it was misinterpreted by the dictatorship of the Mass Media, he called them to read Ecclesiastical Documents always in the Latin and to attend carefully to their meaning, and NOT to rely on what the Main Stream Media said they meant.

And thus it was he called the entire Catholic World to pay attention to the fact that he had not renounced in a juridical act the petrine munus (canon 332 §2), but had administratively declared that he would lay down the petrine ministry (canon 333, §2).

But furthermore, he was calling out attention to two other most important aspects of the text, which no other canonist or Latinist has ever been willing to admit, but which are undeniable. I have spoken of these before, but now I will summarize (see complete discussion here).

First, he make at the very start of his Declaration, a most stunning announcement

Not only for the sake of the three acts of canonization have I called you together for this Consistory, but also so that I may communicate a separation from you of great moment for the life of the Church.

By this he announces to the Catholic world, that the College of Cardinals is in schism from him and will lose its role in the election of his successor.

Then, further down in his Declaratio, he declares that a conclave is to be called by those who are competent, putting the whole College of Cardinals on notice, that they are gravely obligated to follow the Papal Law on Conclaves, and that if they fail to be competent in listening to and taking heed of this Declaratio, they would lose that right.

By this statement he not only excludes from that future Conclave all Cardinals whom he and Pope John Paul II had not created, he warns them not to enter into conclave after his laying down of the Petrine Ministry.

But in the most brilliant strategem ever, by declaring that such a conclave be called in advance, he puts into action Canon 166 §1, which requires that the President of a college of electors convene that college from the place in which they are to be called and announce this to all the electors!

This declaration of a future conclave has appeared to all canonists during the last 10 years as one of the most bizarre aspects of his Declaratio, because they attempt to understand that text as an application of Canon 332 not Canon 333. For in an act in accord with canon 332, there is no need for such a convocation of a future conclave, as it follows by the law itself.

Thus, Pope Benedict XVI took into account beforehand, in this anti-usurpation maneuver, that after his laying down the petrine ministry, but not the petrine munus, that the forces of Ecclesiastical Freemasonry would come out of the shadows and proceed to an uncanonical election of another Roman Pontiff, even though he remained in life and had not abdicated.

Having become certain of this fact,  he declares from Castel Gandolfo on Feb. 28, 2013, that the next day the Cardinals would impede the Apostolic See (Canon 335) by calling for such an illegitimate conclave, saying, according to the ancient Papal reckoning of time: after 8 o’clock I will no longer be the Pontiff supreme. And by this he puts on notice the last measure which Pope John Paul II had included in the Code of Canon Law in 1983: for Canon 335 is the ultimate bulwark against all innovation in the Church, since it forbids it explicitly during an impeded see.

The Lord God Holy Spirit, Who is ever gentle with the children of God adopted in Christ through Baptism, then gave Pope Benedict XVI a long life, so that in the next 10 years all of us would have time to open our eyes and recognize what he had done.

And with the death of Pope Benedict XVI on Dec. 31, 2022, that time has passed. Those who understand these things have passed the test, and are now certified to proceed with the Great Reset.

Now, the Cardinals have until January 21st to enter into conclave. If they fail to do that, their exclusive right to elect the Roman Pontiff, successor of St. Peter and of Pope Benedict XVI, will cease. And that right to elect him will pass by apostolic right to the entire faithful of the Roman Church, which enjoys this right, which is comprised by the Dioceses of Rome, Ostia, Albano, Velletri-Segni, Palestrina, Frascati, Sabina Poggio Mirteto, and Porto Santa Rufina, and who number more than 5600 priests and nearly 4 million souls.

However, not all of these are competent, to elect this new Pope of the Catholic Church, because not all have paid attention, and many have been tricked by the dictatorship of the mainstream media, controlled by the masonic lodges through the intelligence agencies of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Italy, to name only a few, into thinking otherwise.

Thus, the Church of Rome is now in sede vacante and only those who are competent to elect the next Pope recognize it. The assembly to elect him has already been convoked by the president of the college, Pope Benedict, thus fulfilling canon 166. It remains now only that the assembly come together at vote, for the entire Church to have amongst Her once again, the man who is the holder of the petrine munus and who enjoys the OMNIPOTENT, INFALLIBLE, CONSTANT, AND ALWAYS VICTORIOUS PRAYER OF JESUS CHRIST, OUR LORD!

Br. Bugnolo’s Disputed Question on Whether the Renunciation of Pope Benedict XVI was valid.

There is no better time than now to republish some older articles…


Introduction by Br. Alexis Bugnolo

I wrote this article in the Winter of 2018/2019 and mailed it to Pope Benedict XVI twice. In response the Holy Father never corrected me. Nor did Archbishop Gänswein. In Nov. of 2019, I sent it to 700+ priests of the Diocese of Rome, and no one every refuted it. In Dec. 2019 to January 2020, I shared it with more than 500 students of theology at Rome, and no one refuted it.

This Disputed Question, in scholastic form, was translated into Italian and published on Oct. 30, 2019,  and Spanish on January 20, 2019 on Parts I and II. It first was published in English, partially, on Nov. 19, 2018. and Part II on Dec. 26, 2018.

While I would emend this presentation where I to give it today, by insisting rather than munus is properly translated as charge in English, in its medieval sense, of “I charge you to root out banditry in the county …”, it remains an important historical document demonstrating three historical and canonical facts: (1) that Pope Benedict XVI was the pope until death, and (2) that he understood himself to be such, and importantly, that (3) no one in 4 years has refuted the Scholastic argument in favor of (1).

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